If the date of the deed and the parish or municipality where it took place are known, it is "sufficient" to consult the appropriate register, where the deeds have been entered chronologically.
If the exact year of the deed is not known, but the period is known, then the tables can be used.
To continue with the above example of a genealogical search, Gabrielle Lault is relatively easy to locate. She was born in 1895 in Marolles-sur-Seine. By querying the ten-year table of this municipality for the period 1893-1902 (shelf mark 7E261), the exact date of her birth was found.
To speed up consultation of the register itself, estimation of the location of the deed can be very useful. The birth of Gabrielle Lault was on 25 July, 1895, and is recorded in the Marolles-sur-Seine civil register at shelf mark 6E297 / 9, which is in the period 1888 to 1905. We can therefore assume that the deed will appear at the end of the first half of the register. The numerical query produces 371 views, and the deed in question is under the 158th.
Viewing the deed itself provides access to a range of information :
- birth certificate :
- place, date and sometimes time of birth
- name and surname of child
- name, surname, age, occupation and reisdence of father, mother
- name and surname of registrant (if not the father)
- name and surname of witnesses, sometimes their profession
- after 1922, date and place of birth of parents
- marriage certificate :
- name and surname of bride and groom
- date and place of birth
- occupation and address - name and surname, address, occupation of parents (sometimes date and place of birth and death)
- name and surname of witnesses
- sometimes, location and date of marriage ceremony
- death certificate :
- name and surname of the deceased, age, date and time of death, occupation
- name and surname of spouse if already deceased
- name, surname and details of registrant
- Margin notes : Post-Revolution, but not used after 1900 in court administration records. They may indicates :
- adoption or death in the margin of a birth certificate
- a divorce and the date of judgement in the margin of a marriage certificate
- marriage in the margin of a birth certificate (since 1897)
Gabrielle Lault's birth certificate provides the following information about her parents :
- father : Gabriel Georges Lault was 30 when his daughter was born on 25 July 1895
- mother : Elore Meninat, was 28 on the same date
To continue searching for information on these people, in the absence of a known date for acts involving them, a search could be made for their birth certificates, marriage certificate or their death certificates.
- Search for a birth certificate :
- the year of birth of each is known :
- Gabriel Lault was 30 in 1895, so he was born in 1865; Elore Meninat was 28 in 1895, so she was born in 1867. The exact date can then be searched for in the corresponding ten-year table and then the register can be consulted. Note that the age indicated in their daughter's certificate may only be approximate and a search should therefore not be limited to 1865 and 1867. The success condition of the search is of course that both were born in Marolles-sur-Seine. To extend the search to other municipalities, in the department or beyond, the ten-year tables of the forecast period should be consulted for all municipalities considered, which may be time consuming, tedious and fruitless.
- If the age of the parents had not been indicated in Gabrielle's birth certificate, the search would have been much the same: by subtracting 20 to 30 years from the child's date of birth and trying to find the birth of the parents in the ten-year tables for the period identified in that way. In this case, a marriage certificate search would be recommended as a priority.
Consulting the ten-year tables from 1863 to 1872 does not enable the desired birth certificates to be identified. There is another possibility: search the civil registers for the whole of the presumed year as an oversight in the ten-year table is possible. The annual registry table will be the first thing to consult.
Searching civil registers enabled Gabriel Lault to be found. He was born in the municipality of Marolles-sur-Seine in 1865, as shown in the annual registry table. It is not known why he is not mentioned in the ten-year table.
There is no trace of Elore, however, either in the table or in the corresponding register. It may be that she was not born in this municipality. External documents will be necessary to continue the search elsewhere.
- Search for a marriage certificate :
- given that children are often born shortly after the wedding, the latter can be searched for in the ten-year tables of the municipality in the years before the birth of Gabrielle.
- given that people often married between the age of 20 and 30, the decade 1885-1895 could be searched, because Gabrielle's father was 30 in 1895. These two research lines are valid only if the marriage took place in the same municipality as the Gabrielle’s birth. To extend the search to other municipalities. in the department or beyond, the ten-year tables of the envisaged period for all municipalities considered should be searched, which can be time-consuming, tedious and fruitless.
In the case of Gabriel Lault and Elore Meninat, consultation of the 1883-1892 ten-year table (7E234) proves successful: the marriage took place on 18 November, 1890.
Consultation of the deed itself (listed at registry shelf mark 6E297 / 9, for the period 1888 to 1905) enables the information to completed.
It explains the failure of the birth certificate search for Elore, who was born in a municipality in Loir-et-Cher, where the search can be resumed.
- Search for a death certificate :
- without any indication of date, the ten-year tables will need to be scrutinised page by page from the last attestation of life of the people considered.
- however, in the example shown, the search ends quickly: neither Gabriel Lault or Elore Meninat appear in the 1895 and 1902 ten-year tables and the following tables are no longer stored in the departmental archives.
- it will therefore be necessary to apply to the civil registry of the municipality to continue the search.
- their birth and marriage certificates might have included a date of death in a margin note, but this is not the case.
The search for Gabriel Lault, born in Seine-et-Marne, can continue in the same way: search for the marriage certificate, the birth and death certificates of his parents. It is also possible to consult the ten-year tables to try to find the birth of any siblings of Gabrielle.